Depending on your personal risk tolerance paying off the mortgage early can be either a good thing or a bad thing.
When most people consider paying off a mortgage early they are planning to either refinance to a shorter term or make additional payments. We just closed on a new house and went for a 7/1 ARM which comes with a lower interest rate than a 30-year fixed.
Our goal is to pay this off before the loan does its first adjustment (month 84). Assuming no additional principal payment we’ll owe $416,587.54 at month 84. In order to get the balance to zero at this time through additional payments we’ll need to shovel $4,300 a month at the mortgage.
We make our standard payments and invest our extra money planning on an 8% annual return. By investing excess cash we’ll only need to save $3,900 a month, or if we invest that same $4,300 we’ll have $460,000.
Obviously the second option has more risk, the stock market could down, interest rates could spike, the world could end.
However, the second option also includes more flexibility. Once you make that additional principal payment the money is stuck there unless you refinance or sell the house. Instead here are some scenarios where the investment option really pays off:
- We lose our jobs
- Unforeseen medical expenses (not likely unless we also lose our jobs)
- Interest rates decrease and refinance can extend our fixed rate period and/or lower our interest rate
- Housing market crashes and there are really great deals to be had (market timing?)
I personally like having the additional flexibility. I’d love hear if anyone else has taken this same approach. I feel like this is the mortgage version of the debt snowball vs debt avalanche.